Boarding up is the process of installing boards on the windows and doors of a property to protect it from storm damage or to prevent unauthorized access by squatters, looters or vandals.
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Plywood sheets are usually used for this but an alternative is plastic sheeting. Specialists use 32-foot rolls of tough plastic for this and are able to wrap a complete house in 90 minutes. This has the advantage of waterproofing storm-damaged property but will not protect it from looters or squatters as the plastic may be cut.
While short-term boarding up is associated with protection from storms or in case of a broken window, long-term boarding up is most often associated with unoccupied buildings, and may form part of property preservation of foreclosed properties.
Odor in homes and buildings arises from many sources that may include pet urine, disaster contaminates, moisture problems or just plain soil. Routine cleaning automatically removes the sources of general soiling odors.
Pet urine decontamination normally requires more specialized deodorizing techniques. To remove musty odor associated with moisture, ultimately it’s important to identify and correct the moisture (high humidity) intrusion problem. Odor associated with disaster contaminates (smoke, trauma events) requires highly specialized procedures and techniques.
Odor removal involves four general principles:
Removing the source as possible
Cleaning affected surfaces and materials
Recreating the conditions of penetration with appropriate counteractants
Sealing restorable surfaces as necessary
Certified professionals are trained and experienced in dealing with carpet-related odor. They have the detection tools, the specialized agents, the equipment and the experience necessary to deal with odors of all types and kinds.
Cigarette smoke is not only irritating to those with allergies and asthma, but the smoke fumes and chemical vapors spread into almost every part of a facility. They cling to the carpet, upholstery, drapes, clothing and other soft materials. Microscopic smoke residue will remain on the walls, the ceiling, inside closets, cabinets, cracks and crevices, and most other surfaces.
Managers of properties such as Hotels, Apartments, Rental Houses, Smoking Bars, Casinos, Bingo Parlors, and even Auto Detailers all benefit from the OdorFree ozone generator for cigarette smoke odor removal from their facilities.
Cigarette smoke can be a difficult pollutant to remove because there are different components to the smoke. The first component of smoking is that cigarettes produce many toxic and irritating gases such as carbon monoxide, phenol, and ammonia gases. The second component of the smoke odor is the high level of tar vapors released into the air as cigarettes are smoked. These smelly tar vapors become sticky when they contact surfaces. They travel everywhere in the facility that smoke or air can flow into, including inside air vents, on walls and ceilings, on furniture, and even inside closets and cabinets. To totally eliminate cigarette smoke odor, you need something that will follow the same path as the tobacco vapors and oxidize the odors away. The OdorFree ozone generator is a cigarette odor eliminator.
The OdorFree is extremely effective on smoke because the ozone (O3) attacks odors at their source. As the O3 is circulated throughout the room or facility, it oxidizes the fumes and the residue adhering to various surfaces. The ozone will go wherever air will flow and follow the same path that cigarette smoke took when contacting those surfaces, and even flows into vents, cracks and crevices to permanently remove cigarette odor.
Solution: To eliminate cigarette smoke odors, close off the area to be treated and place an OdorFree unit in the area and set the timer. Then vacate the area and run the ozone generator for several hours or longer depending on the severity of the odors. (If tobacco has only been used for a few days in the space, for example, it may take less than an hour. If tobacco has been used for years, it may take two or three days.) Allow the O3 to dissipate for at least an hour prior to re-occupying space. If the smoke odor has not been completely eliminated, repeat the ozone treatment again.
Note: The fan on the thermostat for the air conditioner may be turned to the ON setting to circulate the O3 and remove cigarette odor that has built up inside the ductwork and the air conditioner unit itself. For long term treatment it is recommended that one window be kept open about 2 inches to provide a constant source of oxygen for ozone creation.
This should not be verbatim sinci it’s from http://www.iicrc.org/consumers/care/fire-smoke-restoration/
In the wake of a fire that has covered homes with smoke and ash, it’s important to begin clean up as soon as possible in order to prevent permanent damage or discoloration from soot residue. The IICRC provides the following tips for fire victims facing clean up:
Practice safety first. Use a dust mask (like painters use) and gloves as you work.
Ventilate the home. Place a box fan in an open window to draw the air and dust out.
Clean from top to bottom. Start with the ceilings, walls and fixtures, and work your way down to the contents of the room, then to the floor.
Vacuum floors and upholstery. Make sure your vacuum cleaner has a high efficiency filter. Otherwise, you risk blowing soot back into the air.
Some draperies, clothing and machine-washable items may be laundered. Use a mild alkaline cleaner to neutralize the acid in the soot. Fine clothing should be dry cleaned.
Most exterior walls (brick, stone, wood, paint, siding) and eaves can be cleaned by spraying with a detergent, agitating soot with a soft-bristled brush, pressure washing from bottom to top, then rinsing from top to bottom.
If the damage and residue are heavy, it may be best to hire a professional to thoroughly restore your home and belongings.
Check with your insurance company to see if smoke damage from outdoor sources is covered by your policy.
If the fire has warped or distorted the structure, consult a licensed general contractor.
Professional restoration technicians know that damage increases and restoration costs escalate the longer neutralization, corrosion control and cleaning is delayed. When homeowners prolong the restoration of their home, they extend the effects brought on by the smoke exposure. The following is a timeline of the effects of fire and smoke on a home.
Within Minutes: Acid soot residues cause plastics to yellow; small appliances located close to the source of combustion discolor; highly porous materials (marble, alabaster) discolor permanently.
Within Hours: Acid residues stain grout in bathrooms; fiberglass bath fixtures may yellow; uncoated metals tarnish, counter tops may yellow; finishes on appliances, particularly refrigerators, may yellow; furniture finishes may discolor.
Within Days: In time, acid residues cause painted walls to yellow permanently; metal corrodes, pits and rusts; wood furniture requires refinishing; vinyl flooring requires refinishing or replacement; clothing becomes soot stained; upholstery stains permanently.
Within Weeks: Restoration costs escalate tremendously. Synthetic carpet fibers may yellow or discolor permanently; silver plate is corroded permanently; glass, crystal, china may require replacement due to severe etching and pitting caused by prolonged exposure to acid soot residues.
Cleaning up soot residue must be done as quickly as possible. During combustion, soot residue and volatile vapors are carried by rising and expanding air to surfaces throughout a structure, and are deposited. This process occurs repeatedly until combustion ends, with soot residue building up on surfaces layer by layer. By the time restoration technicians arrive, lacquer-like soot residue may be quite difficult to dissolve and remove.
In addition to removing residue, ridding your home of its smoky odor is necessary. Professionals use this four-step process to remove odors:
Remove the source of the odor, as possible, including unsalvageable debris that contributes to odor generation and recontamination of cleaned and deodorized areas.
Clean salvageable surfaces and items to physically remove odor-causing residue.
Chase remaining odor with an odor counteractant. In the case of smoke, create a deodorizing fog or gas that seeks out and combines with odor-causing substances.
Seal salvageable surfaces that are inaccessible or slightly scorched, not only for aesthetic purposes, but primarily to encapsulate odor and prevent progressive recontamination.
Understanding the effects of a fire can help homeowners evaluate the damage to their home. By learning more about residue clean-up and deodorization after a fire, you can minimize the need for costly repair. Fire and smoke restoration experts can help you return your home and furnishings to a “pre-loss” condition.
Thermal fogging is the generation of ultra-fine droplets in a range of 1-50 μm using thermo- pneumatic energy. Liquid substances are vaporised at the end of fogging barrel (resonator) and form ultra-fine aerosols by condensing on contact with cool ambient air, on being ejected, to create dense visible fog-clouds. Pure oil solutions or aqueous liquids with a glycol component are especially suitable for this purpose.
Uses of Thermal Fog.
Thermal fogging is used for any odor control task This fogging method is the solution for treating large areas and spaces with a minimum quantity of pesticide solution, less operational work and with little harm to the environment (less residues, no penetration into the ground